Is Thai hard to learn? (14 Things You Must Know)


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is thai hard to learn
is thai hard to learn

The Thai language, also known as “Siamese,” is the official language of Thailand and is spoken by millions of people worldwide. It is known for its unique script, tonal nature, and rich cultural significance.

However, you might have come across stories about the complexity of the Thai language. Is Thai hard to learn as people say?

Our mission is to provide you with practical insights, effective strategies, and clear answers to common questions, making your language learning as smooth as possible. 

Is Thai hard to learn?

Learning Thai is considered hard and challenging due to its tonal nature (five tones), unique script, complex phonology, and unfamiliar sentence structure. Lack of cognates and homophones can also pose difficulties. However, with dedication and practice, mastering Thai is achievable.

1. The Duration to Attain expertise in Thai

The time required to learn Thai varies from person to person. 

According to the Foreign Service Institute (FSI) of the U.S. Department of State, it takes approximately 900-1100 hours of study to reach professional working proficiency in Thai. 

However, basic conversational fluency can be achieved in a few months of dedicated learning.

2. Basic Grammar to learn Thai

is thai hard to learn

Learning Thai is challenging for several reasons:

  • Tonal Language: Thai uses tones, where a word’s tone can change its meaning. This is tough for non-tonal language learners.
  • Unique Script: Thai has its own script with 44 consonants and 15 vowels, different from English.
  • Non-Latin Alphabet: Thai doesn’t use the English alphabet.
  • Few Cognates: There are few English-like words in Thai.
  • Cultural Politeness: Thai culture and language are closely linked, requiring politeness awareness.

3. Pronunciation Differences

Thai pronunciation can be a stumbling block for beginners, primarily due to the use of tones and unique sounds. 

The Thai language employs five phonemic tones, which can change the meaning of a word. 

Additionally, some sounds in Thai may not exist in your native language, requiring careful practice and attention.

To improve your Thai pronunciation:

  • Learn the Tones 

Mastering the five tones (low, mid, high, falling, and rising) is essential. Practice pronunciation with native speakers or language learning resources that focus on tone drills.

  • Practice Speaking Aloud

Regularly practice speaking Thai aloud to reinforce your pronunciation. Reading aloud from textbooks, scripts, or articles can be beneficial.

  • Seek Feedback

Don’t hesitate to seek feedback from native Thai speakers or language teachers. They can provide guidance on correcting pronunciation errors.

  • Use Language Apps 

Numerous apps for learning languages provide practice and analysis of pronunciation. Utilize these resources to refine your speaking skills.

4. Dialect Variations

thai hard to learn

Thailand is a diverse country with regional dialects and accents. 

While the Standard Thai dialect, often referred to as “Central Thai” or “Bangkok Thai,” serves as the lingua franca, you may see variations when traveling or interacting with people from different regions. 

Some well-known regional dialects include Northern Thai (Kham Muang), Southern Thai, and Isan.

To navigate dialect variations,

  • Master Standard Thai

Focus on learning and mastering Standard Thai first. It serves as the foundation for communication throughout the country.

  • Embrace Regional Differences

If you plan to travel extensively within Thailand or have specific interactions with regional communities, consider learning some basic phrases and pronunciation peculiarities of the relevant dialects.

  • Cultural Sensitivity

Be mindful of the cultural nuances associated with different dialects. You can benefit from learning about local cultures and traditions and connecting more effectively with people from various regions.

5. Simplified Thai Grammar

Compared to languages like English, Thai has a simplified grammar structure. 

It lacks verb conjugations, tenses, and plurals, making it more approachable for learners. 

In Thai, word order and context often convey meaning, simplifying sentence construction. To leverage simplified Thai grammar:

  • Focus on Word Order

Pay attention to sentence structure and word order. Thai sentences typically follow a subject-verb-object (SVO) pattern.

  • Practice with Sentences 

Create and practice sentences that reflect everyday situations. Start with basic phrases and gradually build complexity.

  • Learn Essential Particles 

Thai uses particles to indicate aspects like questions, negations, and politeness. Familiarize yourself with common particles and their usage.

6. Accessible Vocabulary for learning Thai

Building your Thai vocabulary is relatively straightforward. Many Thai words are borrowed from other languages, including Pali, Sanskrit, and English, making connections easier.

Additionally, Thai culture is rich in symbolism, and words often reflect this cultural depth.

To expand your Thai vocabulary effectively:

  • Start with Common Words 

Begin by learning commonly used words and phrases relevant to your daily life and interests.

  • Cultural Exploration 

Explore Thai culture, history, and traditions to understand the symbolism behind many Thai words. This can aid in memorization.

  • Use Flashcards 

Create vocabulary flashcards with the Thai word on one side and its English translation on the other. Regularly review these flashcards.

  • Contextual Learning

Try to learn new words in the context of sentences or conversations. This enhances retention and practical application.

7. Reading and Writing Difficulties in Thai

The Thai script, known as “อักษรไทย” (akson thai), is a unique and beautiful writing system. 

It consists of 44 consonants, 15 vowel symbols, and a range of diacritics to indicate tones.

While mastering the script may seem daunting at first, it’s a crucial part of learning Thai.

To tackle reading and writing difficulties:

  • Start with the Basics: Begin by learning the Thai alphabet and practicing the consonants and vowels.
  • Practice Writing: Invest in a good-quality notebook and practice writing Thai characters regularly. Repetition is key to memorization.
  • Use Flashcards: Create flashcards with the Thai character on one side and its pronunciation and meaning on the other. Review them daily.
  • Seek Online Resources: There are numerous online resources and apps designed to help you learn the Thai script. Explore these tools to increase your writing skills.

What should I learn first in Thai?

When you start learning Thai, it’s essential to establish a strong foundation. Begin with basic conversational phrases, greetings, and essential vocabulary. Learning these fundamental elements will give you the confidence to engage in simple conversations and navigate everyday situations.

Here are some essential phrases and vocabulary to start with:

  • Greetings: Learn how to say “hello” (สวัสดี – sawasdee) and “goodbye” (ลาก่อน – laa kon).
  • Politeness: Understand the use of polite particles like “ครับ” (khrap) for males and “ค่ะ” (kha) for females.
  • Numbers: Familiarize yourself with Thai numbers from 1 to 10 and beyond.
  • Common Questions: Learn basic questions like “What’s your name?” (คุณชื่ออะไร – khun chue arai?) and “How are you?” (คุณเป็นยังไง – khun pen yang ngai?).
  • Everyday Objects: Build your vocabulary for everyday objects, such as food, clothing, and household items.
  • Directions: Understand basic directional phrases like “left” (ซ้าย – saai) and “right” (ขวา – khwaa).

By mastering these fundamentals, you’ll be better equipped to communicate and gradually expand your language skills.

What language is Thai most like?

Thai belongs to the Kra-Dai language family, which also includes languages like Lao, Shan, and Tai Dam. 

While Thai shares some linguistic similarities with these languages, it stands out as a unique and distinct language. 

Thai’s rich cultural history has influenced its vocabulary and expressions, making it a language with a character all its own.

8. Utilizing the Best Thai Language Apps

The way we learn has changed as a result of language learning apps new skills, and Thai is no exception. 

They offer interactive lessons, pronunciation practice, and a user-friendly interface.

While some language apps offer free content, premium versions often provide more comprehensive lessons and features. 

Based on your preferred methods of learning and financial constraints, you can choose the app that suits you the best.

As a beginner, consider using apps like 

1. Pimsleur:

 If your goal is to become fluent in conversation rapidly, Pimsleur proves to be an excellent choice. 

2. Mondly:

Mondly is also a good choice for beginners in Thai language learning. 

It builds a strong foundation in Thai vocabulary and grammar while offering flexible, user-customizable lessons. 

These short, engaging lessons make learning Thai enjoyable. 

You can track your progress with Mondly’s built-in feature and try it for free with a 7-day trial. To learn more about the app, check out Mondly

3. Drops:

Drops stands out as a superb app for rapidly expanding your Thai vocabulary. It grants you the autonomy to select specific topics of interest from a vast array of vocabulary lists. 

The lessons are engaging and captivating, featuring distinctive animations that hold your focus. 

4. Rosetta Stone:

Rosetta Stone‘s language application is a valuable resource, especially for Thai beginners. 

Its immersive approach goes beyond vocabulary and grammar, focusing on pronunciation and conversational skills. 

This comprehensive foundation includes essential elements like tones and script, vital for effective communication in Thai. 

9. Online Courses to Learn Thai

Structured courses can provide a solid foundation for your language skills. Platforms like 

offers comprehensive Thai courses that cater to different proficiency levels. 

Online courses typically include video lessons, interactive exercises, and quizzes to increase your learning.

When selecting an online course, consider factors such as the course content, instructor qualifications, and student reviews. 

Look for courses that align with your goals, whether you’re aiming for basic conversational skills or advanced fluency.

10. Insearch of Online Thai Tutor

For personalized guidance, you can connect with native Thai speakers through platforms like;

  1.  Italki
  1. Preply
  1. Thai Style
  1. Verbling

A tutor can fine-tune your pronunciation, provide cultural insights, and offer real-time feedback on your speaking and listening skills.

When choosing a tutor, consider their qualifications, teaching style, and availability. 

Many tutors offer trial lessons, allowing you to assess whether their teaching approach aligns with your learning preferences.

11. Studying with High-Quality Thai Books

Textbooks are timeless resources for language learners. 

Consider titles like 

  1. Thai for Beginners” by Benjawan Poomsan Becker 
  1. Thai: An Essential Grammar” by David Smyth
  1. Read Thai in 10 Days” by Arthit Juyaso

These books cover essential grammar, vocabulary, and reading comprehension, making them valuable additions to your language learning journey.

You can also look through Thai-English dictionaries and phrasebooks to increase your vocabulary and communicate more effectively.  

Many Thai language books also come with accompanying audio resources, enhancing your pronunciation and listening comprehension.

12. Watching Thai YouTube Videos

Multimedia content can make learning engaging and dynamic. YouTube hosts numerous Thai language channels that cater to learners of all levels. 

Some popular channels include 

These channels provide a variety of content, including everything from basic lessons and vocabulary tutorials to cultural insights and travel tips.

When watching Thai YouTube videos, be sure to enable subtitles if available. This can help you follow along with the spoken language while reading the corresponding text. 

Additionally, consider subscribing to your favorite channels to access regular updates and new lessons.

13. Listening to Thai Podcasts

Podcasts like 

provide a practical means of exercising listening comprehension.

These podcasts cover a range of subjects, such as everyday conversations, grammar explanations, and cultural stories.  

Listening to native speakers is essential for improving your understanding of spoken Thai and perfecting your pronunciation.

To get the most out of Thai podcasts, download episodes and listen to them during your commute, exercise routine, or downtime. 

14. The Rewards of Learning Thai

thai hard to learn thai

Now that we’ve addressed the challenges and advantages, let’s explore the incredible rewards of mastering Thai.

1. The Value of Learning Thai: Learning Thai brings extraordinary experiences. You’ll enjoy Thai culture, navigate the country easily, and explore business opportunities.

2. Enhancing Travel Experiences: Speaking Thai enhances your travel experiences as it develops connections with locals, eases navigation, and deepens your understanding of the country’s culture and history.

3. Advantages of Working in Thailand: Learning Thai leads to exciting opportunities in tourism, hospitality, and international business, developing strong connections with Thai colleagues.

4. Mastering Bargaining Skills: Speaking Thai in markets boosts bargaining skills, connects with vendors, and engages in cultural exchanges.

5. Expanding Your Social Network: Speaking Thai develops connections, shows cultural interest, and creates bonds that extend beyond language barriers.

6. Thai, a beautiful language: Thai’s melodic sound and artistic script reflect rich culture and history, adding a unique charm to the language.

To learn more, Read our blog on Czech.


As we conclude this comprehensive guide on the question, “Is Thai hard to learn?”. 

Remember that language learning is a journey filled with challenges and rewards. Learning Thai offers you a passport to the heart of Thailand, enabling you to connect with its people, culture, and history on a deeper level. 

So, take the first step, and let the beauty of Thai language and culture enrich your life.

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